Lisa Hofmann

  • K2 Room 4.052
  • Office Hours:
    Thu, 14:00–15:00 (WiSe 22/23)
    In person or in my Webex room
  • Institut für Linguistik
    Keplerstraße 17 (K2)
    70174 Stuttgart
  • +49 711 685 82986

Lisa Hofmann

I am a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of English Linguistics at the University of Stuttgart, working with Judith Tonhauser's group.

I study how humans interpret language meaning by integrating information from multiple sources. My research touches on issues in the subfields of formal Semantics, Pragmatics, Syntax, and Psycholinguistics. I wrote a doctoral dissertation, advised by Adrian Brasoveanu in the UC Santa Cruz linguistics department, about the interaction of Anaphora and Negation.

I recently started my position in Stuttgart to research projective content, pursue my ongoing projects, and teach linguistics courses.


Anaphora and Negation

Anaphora and Negation

This project is about the interaction of anaphora and negation. I argue that we can explain this interaction by keeping track of speaker commitments about discourse referents, and the veridicality of the local contexts in which they are invoked. I study various kinds of anaphoric expressions, and non-veridical contexts.

Anaphoric Accessibility

Anaphoric relations are constrained by the veridicality of the embedding context of an anaphoric expression as well as its antecedent. It is because of this that negation constrains anaphora. I suggest operationalizing veridicality by keeping track of speaker commitments about discourse referents. This allows for an account of anaphoric accessibility that includes anaphora and antecedents in non-veridical contexts, and predicts key aspects of the interaction of negation and anaphora which have been problematic in the literature on anaphora. The analysis is presented in intensional CDRT, an intensional dynamic system where discourse referents are intensional representations which can be interpreted in relation to speaker commitments.

Discourse-Negativity and Negativity-Tags
Ellipsis and Negation
Projective Content

Projective Content

I work on a project with Judith Tonhauser about Projective Content.

We are interested in understanding how the question whether a speaker is committed to the truth of an embedded clause is affected by the discourse context, information structure, and lexical properties of embedding predicates.

The study of this phenomenon provides a window into the pragmatic and cognitive mechanisms by which linguistic representations, which are often assumed to be symbolic and categorical, are related to gradient and continuous real-world human behavioral data.

Updates will be found here...

Processing of Cataphora

Processing of Cataphora

A collaborative project with Vishal Arvindam, Stephanie Rich, Jorge Hankamer, and Adrian Brasoveanu about the processing of cross-clausal anaphora and cataphora.

We ask how acceptability judgments and incremental reading times for cataphora are sensitive to different connectives in syntactically non-subordinate structures. This work addresses the questions how the incremental processing of cataphora is influenced by semantic information, and the question how the meaning of but may be characterized in a way that explains its cataphoric licensing properties.

Updates will be found here...

Definiteness and Reflexives in San Martín Peras Mixtec

Definiteness & Reflexives in San Martín Peras Mixtec

A collaborative project with Jason Ostrove about the pre-nominal particle in San Martín Peras Mixtec, an Oto-Manguean language spoken in Oaxaca, Mexico. We show that in combination with an NP could be characterized as a definiteness marker.

Further, occurs with pronouns, where it often receives a reflexive translation. Although ‘ + Pronoun’ usually requires a local antecedent, many occurrences couldn’t be characterized as reflexive, logophoric, or bound. We are currently investigating the question of what precisely the locality-constraints on its anaphoric behavior are.

Previous Research

Performative Utterances

Performative Utterances

I wrote my BA thesis (supervised by Daniel Altshuler) on the semantics and pragmatics of performative utterances, discussing how the self-verification in performative utterances could be derived from the assertion of a self-referential semantic representation.

Dissertation: “Anaphora and Negation”


My dissertation, Anaphora and Negation (advised by Adrian Brasoveanu), is about the interaction of these two phenomena. It provides a commitment-based account of discourse-polarity and anaphoric polarity-sensitivity by appealing to veridicality distinctions.

It investigates the interaction of anaphora and negation, addressing the overarching question of how human language users combine information from multiple sources into an integrated representation of language meaning. Because the interpretation of anaphora systematically depends on the discourse context, studying its interaction with the local utterance context addresses this overarching question.

The work provides arguments and evidence for theoretically understanding the constraints that negation places on anaphora in terms of speaker commitments and veridicality. Anaphoric accessibility is sensitive to negation because it is sensitive to the veridicality of the embedding context(s) of an anaphor and its antecedent.

On these terms, a formal semantic account of the interaction of anaphora and negation is developed. It is an intensional dynamic account based on Compositional DRT and flat-update systems, where negation and other non-veridical operators are treated as externally dynamic. I argue that we need to conceptualize discourse referents as an intensional and epistemic representation to capture the relevant interactions.

This provides a unified account of several related issues that have received disparate analyses in the previous literature: anaphora to indefinites under negation (double-negation, bathroom-disjunctions, discourse subordination, and cross-speaker cases), the interaction of propositional anaphora and negation, polarity-sensitive negativity-tags, and the question what counts as a negative sentence/utterance for the purposes of anaphora in discourse.


Courses Taught at University of Stuttgart

  • Advanced Semantics/Pragmatics/Psycholinguistics: The Interpretation and Resolution of Anaphora (WiSe 2022/2023)
  • Language and Cognition: Introduction to Psycholinguistics (WiSe 2022/2023)
  • Semantic Theory (SoSe 2022)
  • Language Variation: Sociolinguistics (SoSe 2022)

Guest Lectures

  • Negation and Anaphora – (Non-)Veridical Discourse Referents in Dynamic Semantics, Single session at Oxford University, Semantics and Pragmatics Seminar, Instructor: Daniel Altshuler (June 2021)
  • Polarity Ellipsis, Single session at UC Santa Cruz, Ling 141 (Ellipsis), Instructor: Jorge Hankamer (December 2020)
  • Logical Semantics – The Meaning of and, Single session at UC Santa Cruz, Ling 53 (Semantics I), Instructor: Adrian Brasoveanu (February 2018)

Teaching Assistantships at UC Santa Cruz

  • Semantics 1, Instructor: Adrian Brasoveanu
    • Winter 2020
    • Winter 2018
  • Semantics 2, Instructor: Jess H.K. Law (Winter 2021)
  • Pragmatics, Instructor: Donka Farkas (Spring 2019)
  • Language and Social Identity, Instructor: Ivy Sichel (Spring 2018)
  • Ellipsis, Instructor: Jorge Hankamer (Fall 2020)
  • Introduction to Linguistics
    • With Jason Ostrove in Fall 2021
    • With Matt Wagers in Fall 2019
    • With Grant McGuire in Fall 2017
  • Language and Mind
    • With Matt Wagers in Fall 2018
    • With Pranav Anand in Spring 2017
  • Phonology 1,
    • With Jennifer Bellik in Winter 2020
    • With Amanda Rysling in Spring 2019
  • Invented Languages, Instructor: Pranav Anand
    • Spring 2021
    • Summer 2020

Teaching Assistantships (Tutorium) at HHU Düsseldorf

  • Grammatical Methods, Instructor: Melani Wratil (WiSe 2014)
  • Introduction to Prolog, Instructor: Christof Rumpf (SoSe 2013)

CV (abbreviated)


2022-present Research and Teaching Associate Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Linguistik

Education and Training

2016-2022 PhD in Linguistics University of California Santa Cruz
2015-2016 Visiting Scholar UMass Amherst, Linguistics Department
2011-2016 BA in Linguistics (Computational Linguistics track) Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf

Fellowships, honors and Awards

2021 Humanities Division Summer Dissertation Fellowship From UC Santa Cruz
2016-2019 Humanities Global Outreach Fellowship From UC Santa Cruz
2016 Regents fellowship From UC Santa Cruz
2016 Förderpreis (Awarded for the highest grades HHU BA-degree in Linguistics in 2016) From FörderLink e.V.—Society for the promotion of general Linguistics in Düsseldorf
2015 High potential mobility grant From HHU Düsseldorf
2015 Stipend: “Chancen nutzen” (“Take chances”) From HHU Düsseldorf